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Some statistics about health in Nepal

Health Indicatorsá
% of population using improved drinking-water sources, 2004, total 90
% of population using improved drinking-water sources, 2004, urban 96
% of population using improved drinking-water sources, 2004, rural 89
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities, 2004, total 35
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities, 2004, urban 62
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities, 2004, rural 30
% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government, 2006, total 18
Immunization 2006, 1-year-old children immunized against:, TB, corresponding vaccines: BCG 93
Immunization 2006, 1-year-old children immunized against:, DPT, corresponding vaccines: DPT1▀ 93
Immunization 2006, 1-year-old children immunized against:, Polio, corresponding vaccines: DPT3▀ 89
Immunization 2006, 1-year-old children immunized against:, Polio, corresponding vaccines: polio3 91
Immunization 2006, 1-year-old children immunized against:, Measles, corresponding vaccines: measles 85
Immunization 2006, 1-year-old children immunized against:, HepB, corresponding vaccines: HepB3 69
Immunization 2006, 1-year-old children immunized against:, Hib, corresponding vaccines:Hib3 -
Immunization 2006, % newborns protected against tetanus? 83
% under-fives with suspected pneumonia taken to an appropriate health-care provider▒, 2000-2006* 43
% under-fives with suspected pneumonia receiving antibiotics▒, 2000-2006* 25
% under-fives with diarrhoea receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding, 2000-2006* 43
Malaria 2003-2006*, % under-fives sleeping under a mosquito net -
Malaria 2003-2006*, % under-fives sleeping under a treated mosquito net -
Malaria 2003-2006*, % under-fives with fever receiving anti-malarial drugs -

Definitions of the indicators

Government funding of vaccines - Percentage of vaccines routinely administered in a country to protect children that are financed by the national government (including loans).

EPI - Expanded Programme on Immunization: The immunizations in this programme include those against TB, DPT, polio and measles, as well as protecting babies against neonatal tetanus by vaccination of pregnant women. Other vaccines (e.g. against hepatitis B or yellow fever) may be included in the programme in some countries.

DPT3 - Percentage of infants that received three doses of diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus vaccine.

HepB3 - Percentage of infants that received three doses of hepatitis B vaccine.

% under-fives with ARI - Percentage of children (0-4 years) with acute respiratory infection (ARI) in the last two weeks.

% under-fives with ARI taken to health provider - Percentage of children (0-4 years) with ARI in the last two weeks taken to an appropriate health provider.

Oral rehydration rate - Percentage of children under five with diarrhoea in the last two weeks who received increased fluids and continued feeding during the episode.

Malaria

% under-fives sleeping under a bednet - Percentage of children (0-4 years) who slept under a bednet.

% under-fives sleeping under a treated bednet - Percentage of children (0-4 years) who slept under an insecticide-impregnated bednet.

% under-fives with fever receiving anti-malarial drugs - Percentage of children (0-4 years) who were ill with fever in the last two weeks and received any appropriate (locally defined) antimalarial drugs.


Main data sources

Use of improved drinking water sources and adequate sanitation facilities - UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS).

Government funding of vaccines - UNICEF and WHO.

Immunization - UNICEF and WHO.

Acute respiratory infection - DHS, MICS and other national household surveys.

Oral rehydration - UNICEF, MICS and DHS.

Malaria- MICS and DHS.


Notes


- Data not available.

x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.

* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.



We have used figures provided by UNICEF from their website

http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/nepal_nepal_statistics.html